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March 16, 2023

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    Photo by check
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    Photo by Agency for Science, Technology and Research
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    Photo by Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine



Some really crazy nested bullets

  • Bullet
  • Another
  • Another bullet
  • Cervical dystonia. Several treatment options can be used to help adults with cervical dystonia.
    • Nested bullet
    • Again nested
      • Nested even more
      • Wow
      • Wee
    • Ok let’s get less crazy
    • Even less
      • We’re nesting again
      • Ok this is getting old
    • Let’s get back to the top
    • One more time
  • Ok
  • Now we’re back to the first level again
    • But we could start nesting again
    • Something like this
      • Or even this
    • Wouldn’t be entirely unexpected

Ordered list

  • Bullet
  • Another
  • Another bullet
  • Cervical dystonia. Several treatment options can be used to help adults with cervical dystonia.
    • Nested.
    • Nested again.
  • First level numeric
  • Still numeric
    1. Nested numeric
      1. Nested numeric third level
      2. Another
      3. Yet another
      4. F
      5. F
      6. F
      7. F
      8. f
    2. Back to second level
    3. One more nested ordered list bullet
  • Back to the top
  • Final
    • Final a
    • Final b


How is torticollis treated?

Treatments for torticollis are different, depending on the cause of the condition.

  • Congenital torticollis:
    • Physical therapy. Babies with congenital torticollis may find symptom relief from stretching exercises that a doctor or physical therapist can show parents how to perform at home. The exercises are intended to stretch out the tight neck muscle so that the head rests in a neutral position rather than at an angle. “Tummy time”—putting a baby on their stomach to strengthen the neck muscles—can also help. Parents will also learn how to minimize the risk of flat head syndrome, which can occur when a baby frequently lies down with their head turned in the same direction. Additionally, some babies might benefit from physical therapy or from wearing a collar (during waking hours) that keeps the head and neck in a neutral position.
    • Botulinum toxin (Botox) injections. If physical therapy and stretching aren’t effective treatments, some babies can receive Botulinum toxin injections, which can relax the tight neck muscle and resolve the problem.
    • Surgery. In less than 10% of cases, surgery is needed to help lengthen the tight neck muscle or correct a vertebral problem. This surgery usually occurs when the child is 6 years old.
  • Acquiredtorticollis. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and a neck collar can help to treat the condition. In some cases, children will also benefit from a muscle relaxant.
  • Cervical dystonia. Several treatment options can be used to help adults with cervical dystonia:
    • Physical therapy
    • A neck collar
    • Heat therapy
    • Neck traction
    • Treating an underlying illness or injury that caused torticollis
    • Deep brain stimulation
    • Surgery, if other treatments aren’t helpful

Test bullets:

Between 30 July and 2 August 2010, a series of attacks:

On 23 November 2020, a Congolese:

  • court sentenced the former NDC leader, Ntabo Ntaberi Sheka
    • , to life imprisonment for war crimes, including m
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  • Fkskflskfer, rape, sexual enslavement and the recruitment of children for crimes committed between 2007 to 2017 in Walikale territory.2 The United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) provided protection to victims and witnesses, and technical, logistical and financial support to the Congolese judicial authorities during joint investigations and the trial.
  • In many ways, this case illustrates the importance of support to national justice and security institutions by United Nations peace operations. Such support is essential in the mitigation of potential drivers of conflict. It is particularly critical in settings where there is a lack of trust between the population and State representatives, or a desire by those affected to take justice into their own hands. Outcomes such as those in the case against the former NDC leader strengthen the credibility, legitimacy and accountability of State institutions, including security forces, and help preserve and protect human rights.
  • The absence of justice directly fuels conflict. A young man whose friends or relatives have been victimized may become a recruit for illegal armed groups. Lack of justice, be it actual or perceived, causes resentment and conflict at both the individual and societal levels.
  • Fundamental reform of justice and security systems takes decades. Most importantly, the absence of a tradition of an independent or representative and inclusive judiciary can constitute a fundamental impediment to reform.
  • United Nations peace operations that provide support to national justice and security institutions are governed by United Nations Security Council resolutions. These mandates fall historically within three broad categories: executive support, capacity-building support and direct security support. The overall objective remains to strengthen national capacities; extend the authority of the State; and enhance the effectiveness and inclusiveness of justice and security
  • institutions as well as confidence in those institutions, with a view to preventing violence, fighting impunity and sustaining peace. This assistance is provided primarily from the perspective of reinforcing the criminal justice chain—comprising law enforcement, judicial and prison institutions—a central component for stabilization and security efforts in conflict and post-conflict settings.
  1. In a landmark report issued in 2011,3 the World Bank demonstrated
    1. the critical relationship between strong justice and security institutions, job creation and the mitigation of cycles of violence. This is certainly the case in conflict and post-conflict societies, where State-level leadership, a clear vision and comprehensive
    2. objectives are crucial for justice and security reform. In contrast, the absence of leadership or resistance to reform by key stakeholders are often significant obstacles to meaningful development or sustainable security.
    3. Fundamental reform of justice
    4. and security systems takes decades. Mo
    5. st importantly, the absence of a tradition of a
  2. In independent or representative a
  3. Given this long-term endeavour, peace operations can, however, have an immediate impact by focusing on specific initiatives, particularly in relation to accountability for crimes that act as drivers of conflict and instability. This is done in contexts where corruption and patronage often serve vested, key interests for those in power who may want to maintain the status quo. Furthermore, prison reform is rarely considered a major priority, as detained persons are among the most disenfranchised individuals in society.


The official and majority language is Lao, a language of the Tai-Kadai language family. However, only slightly more than half of the population speaks Lao natively. The remainder, particularly in rural areas, speak ethnic minority languages. The Lao alphabet, which evolved sometime between the 13th and 14th centuries, was derived from the ancient Khmer script and is very similar to Thai script.[151] Languages like Khmu (Austroasiatic) and Hmong (Hmong-Mien) are spoken by minorities, particularly in the midland and highland areas. A number of Laotian sign languages are used in areas with high rates of congenital deafness.[46]

French is used in government and commerce, and Laos is a member of the French-speaking organisation of La Francophonie. The organisation estimated in 2010 that there were 173,800 French speakers in Laos.[152] The French language's decline was slower and occurred later in Laos than in Vietnam and Cambodia, as the monarchy of Laos had close political relations with France. At the eve of the Vietnam War, the Secret War was beginning in Laos as political factions between communist Pathet Lao and the government occurred. Pathet Lao held areas used Lao as their sole language and following the end of the Vietnam War, French began its sharp decline in Laos. Additionally, many elite and French-educated Lao immigrated to nations such as the United States and France to escape government persecution. With the end of isolationism in the early 1990s however, the French language rebounded, thanks to the establishment of French, Swiss and Canadian relations and opening of French-language centers in central Laos. Today, French has a healthier status in Laos than the other Francophone nations of Asia and about 35% of all students in Laos receive their education in French, with the language being a required course in many schools. French is also used in public works in central and southern Laos and Luang Prabang and is a language of diplomacy and of the elite classes, higher professions and elders.

English, the language of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), has become increasingly studied in recent years.[153]