These conditions are caused by a group of disorders and diseases that affect the functioning of the organs involved in digestion, including those of the gastrointestinal tract—the mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestines, and anus—as well as the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas.
Surgeries for Upper Aero-Digestive Tract
Patients with benign upper aero-digestive tract lesions such as polyps, nodules, and cysts can benefit from surgery. For vocal fold paralysis, there are several surgical procedures that can provide a better voice. While many conditions can be treated with medicine and therapy, others require surgery.