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Ventricular Septal Defect


Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a congenital heart condition characterized by an abnormal opening or hole in the wall (septum) that separates the two lower chambers of the heart, known as ventricles. This defect allows oxygen-rich blood to mix with oxygen-poor blood, causing the heart to work harder to supply sufficient oxygen to the body and potentially leading to various complications.