ALL DEFINITIONSContraceptionDefinitionContraception refers to the methods and devices used to prevent pregnancy by inhibiting fertilization, ovulation, or implantation of a fertilized egg.Related SpecialistsLaurie MacLeodAPRNObstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, Obstetric Specialties & MidwiferyRelated Fact SheetsBirth ControlSexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)Related NewsFamily HealthWhat Birth Control Is Best for Me?Family HealthQ&A: To Be (or Not to Be) a DadRelated DepartmentsFamily PlanningThe Yale Family Planning program’s vision is to provide reproductive health care rooted in dignity, equity, and science. Our mission is to provide exceptional care through evidence-based medicine, essential education, rigorous research, and advocacy focused on abortion and contraception. We provide compassionate and evidence-based care for people when they need birth control, as well as when they face unexpected or unhealthy pregnancies and need abortion care or miscarriage treatment. We support our patients’ journeys with respect. We know that all people deserve comprehensive information about their treatment options to make the best decision for themselves and their families. When it comes to reproductive health, we put our patients’ needs above all else. Our team includes subspecialty-trained physicians and dedicated nurses who provide compassionate care for our patients and their families. When our patients’ medical needs are complex, we partner with an interdisciplinary team of high-risk obstetricians, anesthesiologists, and medical specialists. Our services include: Pregnancy prevention with contraception: Contraceptive counseling and care Specialty contraceptive care for women with complex medical conditions (bleeding or clotting disorders, kidney failure, prior heart attack, organ transplant, or weight-loss surgery) Expertise with intrauterine devices and arm implants Pregnancy loss care: All options for management of early miscarriage Surgical management of second trimester pregnancy loss Bereavement support for pregnancy loss Abortion care: Medical abortion care in the first trimester Surgical abortion care through 23+6/7 weeks gestation Option of general anesthesia (to be “asleep“) for the procedure Bereavement support for ending a pregnancy Preoperative visit. This visit will include counseling, a medical history review, an exam (possible ultrasound and pelvic exam) and possible blood testing. The doctor will also review preoperative instructions (including arrival time for procedures), and consent forms will need to be signed. Patients should plan 1 to 1.5 hours for this visit. A support person is welcome. Before a preoperative visit, patients may need to have a separate ultrasound visit. Operative visit. Generally, the operative procedure will be the next day. Patients must not eat or drink for at least 8 hours before the procedure time, usually not after midnight the night before. Since patients will be affected by the anesthesia for the rest of the day after the procedure, they must have a ride home with someone who is at least 18 years old. They should plan to spend 5 to 6 hours at the hospital this day. Contraceptive visit. At this visit, we will review the patients’ medical history, counsel them on options for contraception, help them select a method that is right for them, and start that method. To prevent a concern for possible pregnancy at this visit, patients should not have unprotected sex for 15 days bIn-Vitro Fertilization ProgramThrough our In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Program, couples receive support, information, and counseling, as well as the most advanced treatment. IVF is the process of combining sperm and egg in a lab to create a viable embryo that can then be transferred to the mother's uterus. Our internationally renowned multidisciplinary team of physicians, scientists, and specialized staff have dedicated their lives’ work to improving our patients’ chances of completing their family. We strive to make the IVF experience as positive as possible, and to minimize any confusion or frustration couples may be experiencing. Our specialists are with patients every step of the way to help them navigate fertility issues by thoroughly discussing all procedures and aspects of care. Before starting treatment, all couples take part in an initial consultation and visit with our reproductive endocrinologists. After completing a comprehensive review and deciding to proceed with IVF treatment, we complete prenatal testing on both partners. We then tailor the treatment plan to the individual couple's needs. The next step is to meet with our dedicated team of financial counselors to clarify financial coverage. It is important to note that insurance companies require prior authorization before starting IVF. We also offer a Pre-IVF checklistto help keep track of the necessary steps prior to starting IVF. It is our privilege to participate in our patients’ care and to attend to the emotional, psychological, and physical needs of individuals and couples experiencing infertility. We believe that when any treatment is made simpler for patients, they are empowered to spend more energy on their medical goals—and in this case, one another.